Tuesday, August 20, 2013

Mandarin Chinese -- Lesson 18 (How to count in Chinese)

Chinese Language Learning Program

Lesson 18 – How to count in Chinese

Hello, everyone. Welcome back to Baixue’s Chinese Language Learning Program. Last time, we learned some romantic words in Chinese. Do you know how to say them now? Good, but please be advised that you will prepare flowers when you say the romantic words. All right, today, we are going to learn how to count in Chinese language.

Before we start to learn how to count in Chinese language, we need to check the homework I gave to you last time.

líng  yī   èr  sān  sì   wǔ

Perfect, I know you all read Chinese pinyin very well now. I think that you can speak mandarin Chinese pretty good in one month if you keep learning it with me. That is the goal of this Chinese language learning program.

OK, let’s start learn how to count in mandarin Chinese. Counting in Chinese is very easy. Let’s see the text and see how easy it is.

líng   yī   èr   sān  sì    wǔ
                    (zero, one, two, three, four, five)

liù  qī  bā  jiǔ  shí
        six, seven, eight, nine, ten

shí  yī  shí  èr shí sān
                      eleven, twelve, thirteen

You can see that when you say eleven, you only have to combine ten and one together. It means eleven. Use the same logic to say twelve, you just say shí èr, thirteen is shí sān, fourteen is shí sì, etc.

èr   shí,    èr  shí   yī,    èr   shí  èr
  十,         一,二      twenty, twenty-one, twenty-two

Please notice that it is the same logic to say twenty-one. You just combine twenty and one-- èr shí yī. It means twenty-one.  For twenty-two, you just combine twenty and two---- èr  shí  èr, means twenty-two. You can use the same logic to say twenty-three, twenty-four, etc.

sān  shí,  sì  shí,    wǔ  shí
     十,四   十,     thirty, forty, fifty

Notice that when you say twenty, you put two in front of ten--- èr  shí, so use the same logic to say thirty, you put three in front of ten--- sān  shí, you put four in front of ten---,  sì  shí, etc.

bǎi,   qiān,  wàn,  yì
 百,  千,  万,  亿 hundred, thousand, ten thousand, a hundred million

yī   bǎi  ling   yī
          one hundred and one

èr  bǎisān  bǎi
  百,      two hundreds, three hundreds

When you say one hundred, you put one in front of hundred--- yī  bǎi , when you say two hundreds, you put two in front of hundred--- èr bǎi. Use the same logic to say three hundreds--- sān bǎi, sì bǎi, etc. When you say one hundred and one, you put one behind one hundred--- yī  bǎi  ling  yī, one hundred and two---yī  bǎi  ling èr, etc. But when you say one hundred and ten, you just say yī  bǎi  yī shí, one hundred and twenty--- yī  bǎi  èr  shí , etc.

Use the same logic to say thousands and ten thousands.  Is it easy?

Ok, let’s see how to say first, second.

dì  yī,    dì  èr,    dì  sān
 一,第  二,       first, second, third

In Chinese, when you want to say first or second or third, you just need to put the word-- dì in front of the number. So, dì yī  means first, dì èr means second, dì sān means third. Use the same logic, dì sì means fourth, dì wǔ means fifth.

Ok, let’s read the numbers again.

Homework for today.

Practice to read these numbers and try to read other numbers I did not list in this lesson.

Ok, that is all for today. I will give you a quiz in our next class. So, please review the classes we had before, and try your best to do the quiz in our next class.

xiè  xiè!
谢  谢 ! (Thanks!)

xià  cì  jiàn 

 下 次 见!  (See you next time!)

No comments:

Post a Comment